|African Pied Hornbill
advertises its presence with its whistling pii-pii-pii-pii- call.
African Pieds is a medium bird, about 22 in inchs in length. It has mainly black plumage, with the belly and tip to the tail being white. The long curved black and
yellow bill has a medium sized casque. Sexes are similar, but the female has a smaller casque. Immature birds are duller, have a smaller bill, and no casque. The
flight is undulating.
General Information: Hornbills first two vertebrea in the neck are fused together (axis and atlas). They are the only birds with this biological configuration. They
are also the only birds with two lobed kidneys( other birds have three).
Hornbills also have very unique nesting habits. The female is sealed/mudded in the nest by both the male and herself. While in the nest/log, she is fed through a
small narrow slit by the male. She lays up to 4 eggs and incubates for 22 to 28 days. While in the nest the female goes through a complete molt and is unable to fly.
The female breaks out of her nest/log when her chicks are about 21 to 25 days old. The chicks then reseal the nest/log opening and are fed by both parents for
another 22 to 28 days.
Range: African Pied Hornbill is a common resident breeder in much of equatorial Africa from The Gambia to western Uganda and northern Angola..
Life Span: In the wild - unknown. In captivity - unknown
Diet: In the wild - African Pied Hornbill is omnivorous and eats fruit and insects. It feeds mainly in trees, and is attracted to Oil Palms.
We feed fresh - chopped fruits, Zupreem Low Iron Softbill pellets, veggies, soaked holistic cat food, meal worms, super worms, and crickets when available.